Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels, and is one of the principal vital signs.
Ideally, the normal blood pressure should fall below 120 over
80(120/80). At this level, we have a normal blood pressure. High blood
pressure (hypertension) is dangerous because it makes the heart work
harder to pump blood to the body and contributes to the hardening of the
arteries, or atherosclerosis and to the development of heart failure.
Smoking, being overweight or obese, lack of physical activity, too much
salt in the diet, too much alcohol consumption, stress, older age,
genetics, may play a role in the development of HBP.
Low blood pressure is blood pressure that is low enough that the flow
of blood to the organs of the body is inadequate and/or signs of low
blood flow develops. Low blood pressure alone, without symptoms or
signs,usually is not healthy. The cause of low blood pressure includes a
reduced volume of blood, heart disease and medications.
HOW TO CONTROL YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE
Exercise daily. Exercise stimulates your body to release a substance
called Nitric Acid. Nitric acid causes blood vessels to open up, which
reduces blood pressure. Exercise also helps to strengthen your heart
muscle, reduce stress and aid weight loss.
Eat healthily. Eating the right diet can lower the risk of HBP and
normsalise your blood pressure. Eat fruits, vegetables, low-fat
Limit salt intake. Put the brakes on smoking and drinking.